Items where Subject is "Section 7: Compartmentation/sprinklers – flats"

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.1 Diagram 7.1 Construction of protected shafts

The diagram shows three common examples which illustrate the principles. The elements enclosing the shaft (unless formed by adjacent external walls) are compartment walls and floors.
The shaft structure (including any openings) should meet the relevant provisions for: compartment walls (see paragraphs 7.5 to7.19), external walls (see sections 10 and 11 and Diagram 3.10).
See para 7.23

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ADB1 2022 Para:7.1 Provision of compartmentation

All of the following should be provided as compartment walls and compartment floors and should have, as a minimum, the fire resistance given in Appendix B, Table B3.
a. Any floor (unless it is within a flat, i.e. between one storey and another within one individual dwelling).
b. Any wall separating a flat from another part of the building.
c. Any wall enclosing a refuse storage chamber.
d. Any wall common to two or more buildings.

Department for Communities and Local Government, (2019) Provision of compartmentation. In: Approved Document B: Fire Safety - Volume 1: Dwellings. 2019 ed. Section 7: Compartmentation/sprinklers – flats, 1 (7.1). RIBA Publishing Publication, London, p. 59. ISBN 9781859469156

ADB1 2019 Para:7.10 Other compartment walls

Compartment walls not described in paragraphs 7.8 and 7.9 should run the full height of the storey in which they are situated.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.11 Other compartment walls

Compartment walls in a top storey beneath a roof should be continued through the roof space.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.12 Junction of compartment wall or compartment floor with other walls

At the junction with another compartment wall or an external wall, the fire resistance of the compartmentation should be maintained. Fire-stopping that meets the provisions in paragraphs 9.24 to 9.29 should be provided.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.13 Junction of compartment wall or compartment floor with other walls

At the junction of a compartment floor and an external wall with no fire resistance, the external wall should be restrained at floor level. The restraint should reduce movement of the wall away from the floor if exposed to fire.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.14 Junction of compartment wall or compartment floor with other walls

Compartment walls should be able to accommodate deflection of the floor, when exposed to fire, by either of the following means.
a. Between the wall and floor, provide a head detail that is capable of maintaining its integrity while deforming.
b. Design the wall so it maintains its integrity by resisting the additional vertical load from the floor above.
Where compartment walls are located within the middle half of a floor between vertical supports, the deflection may be assumed to be 40mm unless a smaller value can be justified by assessment. Outside this area, the limit can be reduced linearly to zero at the supports.
For steel beams that do not have the required fire resistance, reference should be made to SCI Publication P288.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.15 Junction of compartment wall with roof

The requirements are the same as for dwellinghouses, detailed in paragraphs 5.11 and 5.12.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.16 Junction of compartment wall with roof

Materials achieving class B-s3, d2 or worse used as a substrate to the roof covering and any timber tiling battens, fully bedded in mortar or other suitable material for the width of the wall (Diagram 5.2b), may extend over the compartment wall in buildings that are both of the following.
a. A maximum of 15m high.
b. In one of the following purpose groups.
i. All residential purpose groups (purpose groups 1 and 2) other than ‘residential (institutional)’ (purpose group 2(a)).
ii. ‘Office’ (purpose group 3).
iii. ‘Assembly and recreation’ (purpose group 5).

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.17 Junction of compartment wall with roof

Double-skinned insulated roof sheeting with a thermoplastic core should incorporate a band of material rated class A2-s3, d2 or better, a minimum of 300mm in width, centred over the wall.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.18 Junction of compartment wall with roof

As an alternative to the provisions of paragraph 7.16 or 7.17, the compartment wall may extend through the roof for a minimum of either of the following (see Diagram 5.2c).
a. Where the height difference between the two roofs is less than 375mm, 375mm above the top surface of the adjoining roof covering.
b. 200mm above the top surface of the adjoining roof covering where either of the following applies.
i. The height difference between the two roofs is 375mm or more.
ii. The roof coverings either side of the wall are of a material classified as BROOF(t4).

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.19 Openings in compartmentation Openings in compartment walls separating buildings or occupancies

Openings in a compartment wall common to two or more buildings should be limited to those for either of the following.
a. A fire doorset providing a means of escape, which has the same fire resistance as the wall and is fitted in accordance with the provisions in Appendix C.
b. The passage of a pipe that complies with the provisions in Section 9.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.2 Places of special fire hazard

Fire resisting construction enclosing these places should achieve minimum REI 30. These walls and floors are not compartment walls and compartment floors.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.2 Diagram 7.2 Uninsulated glazed screen separating protected shaft from lobby or corridor

Fire resistance to protected shaft to be a maximum of REI 60
Fire resistance of construction to be a minimum of REI 30 (including fire doorsets that are a minimum of E 30 Sa)
Fire resistance of glazing to be a minimum of RE 30(including fire doorsets that are a minimum of E 30 Sa)
a. WITH CORRIDOR
b. WITH LOBBY
See para 7.25

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.20 Openings in other compartment walls, or in compartment floors

Openings should be limited to those for any of the following.
a. Fire doorsets of the appropriate fire resistance, fitted in accordance with the provisions in Appendix C.
b. Pipes, ventilation ducts, service cables, chimneys, appliance ventilation ducts or ducts encasing one or more flue pipes, complying with the provisions in Section 9.
c. Refuse chutes of class A1 construction.
d. Atria designed in accordance with Annexes B and C of BS 9999.
e. Protected shafts that conform to the provisions in the following paragraphs.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.21 Protected shafts

Stairs and service shafts connecting compartments should be protected to restrict the spread of fire between the compartments. These are called protected shafts. Walls or floors surrounding a protected shaft are considered to be compartment walls or compartment floors.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.22 Protected shafts

Any stair or other shaft passing directly from one compartment to another should be enclosed in a protected shaft. Protected shafts should be used for the following only, but may also include sanitary accommodation and washrooms.
a. Stairs.
b. Lifts.
c. Escalators.
d. Chutes.
e. Ducts.
f. Pipes.
g. Additional provisions apply for both of the following.
i. Protected shafts that are protected stairways: Sections 2 to 4.
ii. Stairs that are also firefighting stairs: Section 15.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.23 Construction of protected shafts

The construction enclosing a protected shaft (Diagram 7.1) should do all of the following.
a. Form a complete barrier to fire between the compartments connected by the shaft.
b. Have the appropriate fire resistance given in Appendix B, Table B3, except for uninsulated glazed screens that meet the provisions of paragraph 7.24.
c. Satisfy the provisions for ventilation and the treatment of openings in paragraphs 7.28 and 7.29.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.24 Uninsulated glazed screens to protected shafts

An uninsulated glazed screen may be incorporated in the enclosure to a protected shaft between a stair and a lobby or corridor entered from the stair. The enclosure must conform to Diagram 7.2 and meet all of the following conditions.
a. The standard of fire resistance required for the protected stairway is not more than REI 60.
b. The glazed screen complies with the following.
i. It achieves a minimum rating of E 30.
ii. It complies with the guidance on limits on areas of uninsulated glazing in Appendix B, Table B5.
c. The lobby or corridor is enclosed with fire resisting construction achieving a minimum rating of REI 30.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.25 Uninsulated glazed screens to protected shafts

Where the measures in Diagram 7.2 are not provided, then both of the following apply.
a. The enclosing walls should comply with Appendix B, Table B3.
b. The doors should comply with Appendix B, Table B5.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.26 Pipes for oil or gas and ventilation ducts in protected shafts

A protected shaft containing a protected stairway and/or a lift should not also contain either of the following.
a. A pipe that conveys oil, other than in the mechanism of a hydraulic lift.
b. A ventilating duct. Two exceptions are as follows.
i. A duct provided for pressurising the protected stairway to keep it smoke free.
ii. A duct provided only to ventilate the protected stairway.
A pipe that is completely separated from a protected shaft by fire resisting construction is not considered to be contained within that shaft.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.27 Pipes for oil or gas and ventilation ducts in protected shafts

In a protected shaft, any pipe carrying natural gas or LPG should be both of the following.
a. Of screwed steel or all-welded steel construction.
b. Installed in accordance with both of the following.
i. The Pipelines Safety Regulations 1996.
ii. The Gas Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations 1998.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.28 Ventilation of protected shafts conveying gas

A protected shaft conveying piped flammable gas should be ventilated direct to the outside air, by ventilation openings at high and low level in the shaft.
Any extension of the storey floor into the protected shaft should not compromise the free movement of air throughout the entire length of the shaft.
Guidance on shafts conveying piped flammable gas, including the size of ventilation openings, is given in BS 8313.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.29 Openings into protected shafts

The external wall of a protected shaft does not normally need to have fire resistance. Situations where there are provisions are given in paragraph 3.63 (external walls of protected stairways, which may also be protected shafts) and paragraphs 15.8 to 15.11 (firefighting shafts).
Openings in other parts of the enclosure to a protected shaft should be limited to the following.
a. If a wall common to two or more buildings forms part of the enclosure, only the following openings should be made in that wall.
i. A fire doorset providing a means of escape, which has the same fire resistance as the wall and is fitted in accordance with the provisions in Appendix C.
ii. The passage of a pipe that meets the provisions in Section 9.
b. Other parts of the enclosure (other than an external wall) should only have openings for any of the following.
i. Fire doorsets of the appropriate fire resistance, fitted in accordance with the provisions in Appendix C.
ii. The passage of pipes which meet the provisions in Section 9.
iii. Inlets to, outlets from and openings for a ventilation duct (if the shaft contains or serves as a ventilating duct), meeting the provisions in Section 9.
iv. The passage of lift cables into a lift machine room (if the shaft contains a lift). If the machine room is at the bottom of the shaft, the openings should be as small as practicable.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.3 Places of special fire hazard

Parts of a building occupied mainly for different purposes should be separated from one another by compartment walls and/or compartment floors. Compartmentation is not needed if one of the different purposes is ancillary to the other. See paragraphs 0.18 and 0.19.

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ADB1 2020 Para:7.4 Sprinklers

Blocks of flats with a top storey more than 11m above ground level (see Diagram D6) should be fitted with a sprinkler system throughout the building in accordance with Appendix E.
NOTE: Sprinklers should be provided within the individual flats, they do not need to be provided in the common areas such as stairs, corridors or landings when these areas are fire sterile.

Department for Communities and Local Government, (2019) Sprinklers. In: Approved Document B: Fire Safety - Volume 1: Dwellings. 2019 ed. Section 7: Compartmentation/sprinklers – flats, 1 (7.4). RIBA Publishing Publication, London, p. 59. ISBN 9781859469156

ADB1 2019 Para:7.5 Construction of compartment walls and compartment floors General provisions

All compartment walls and compartment floors should achieve both of the following.
a. Form a complete barrier to fire between the compartments they separate.
b. Have the appropriate fire resistance, as given in Appendix B, Tables B3 and B4.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.6 Construction of compartment walls and compartment floors General provisions

Timber beams, joists, purlins and rafters may be built into or carried through a masonry or concrete compartment wall if the openings for them are both of the following.
a. As small as practicable.
b. Fire-stopped.
If trussed rafters bridge the wall, failure of the truss due to a fire in one compartment should not cause failure of the truss in another compartment.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.7 Construction of compartment walls and compartment floors General provisions

Where services could provide a source of ignition, the risk of fire developing and spreading into adjacent compartments should be controlled.

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.8 Compartment walls between buildings

Adjoining buildings should only be separated by walls, not floors. Compartment walls common to two or more buildings should comply with both of the following.
a. Run the full height of the building in a continuous vertical plane.
b. Be continued through any roof space to the underside of the roof (see Diagram 5.2).

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ADB1 2019 Para:7.9 Separated parts of buildings

Compartment walls forming a separated part of a building should run the full height of the building in a continuous vertical plane.
Separated parts can be assessed independently to determine the appropriate standard of fire resistance in each. The two separated parts can have different standards of fire resistance.

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This list was generated on Tue Aug 16 20:55:36 2022 UTC.